Annunaki: Cuneiform Writing
Cuneiform writing is the oldest documented language that that has been discovered on Earth. The language was originally comprised of pictographs (simple pictures) that represented beings, events and information. This earlier form dates to the 4th century B.C. By the 3rd century, it became alphabetic with characters representing sounds and comprising words much like our alphabet does today. The writing, pictured on the right, is made up of wedge-shaped symbols pressed into wet clay with stylus instruments, then allowed to dry. The word “cuneiform” literally translated from the latin means “wedge-shaped”. It is important to note that the Sumerian scribes did not name their language since no name was needed. There were no other written languages existing so there was no need to name it. It was simply “writing”.
What is extremely interesting about cuneiform is that it simply appeared in its earlier pictographic state. There is no evidence of its evolution from an earlier, more primitive language. It just came into existance and was used to document the age of the Anuna gods, their offspring, the development of the Sumerian civilization, Sumerian culture, commerce and the wars that may have ended the reign of the Anuna. While all written languages have continued to evolve from Sumerian into the languages of today, it is unknown how Cuneiform just appeared, already fully developed and used by the scribes. Many believe the written language was taught to Sumerian scribes by the Anuna, which explains why it was non-existent and then "just appeared" and was widely used. Sumerian clay tablets document the passing of knowledge from the Anuna to scribes. This imparting of written knowledge is found in the Sumerian texts.
The invention of writing by the Anuna is described in a cuneiform clay tablet that was translated as shown below:
Above: Early pictographic cuneiform tablet. These tablets were fashioned from clay, imprinted with a reed stylus by the scribe, then fired to make the hard and permanent records. Tens of thousands of Cuneiform tablets have been discovered in ancient temples and structures throught Iraq and surrounding lands. We have only begun to translate the wealth of knowledge from this original civilization.
Enmerkar and the lord of Aratta: c.22.214.171.124
His speech was substantial, and its contents extensive. The messenger, whose mouth was heavy, was not able to repeat it. Because the messenger, whose mouth was tired, was not able to repeat it, the lord of Kulaba patted some clay and wrote the message as if on a tablet. Formerly, the writing of messages on clay was not established. Now, under that sun and on that day, it was indeed so. The lord of Kulaba inscribed the message like a tablet. It was just like that. The messenger was like a bird, flapping its wings; he raged forth like a wolf following a kid. He traversed five mountains, six mountains, seven mountains. He lifted his eyes as he approached Aratta. He stepped joyfully into the courtyard of Aratta, he made known the authority of his king. Openly he spoke out the words in his heart. The messenger transmitted the message to the lord of Aratta.
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Above: Later and more developed cuneiform from Assyrian/Babalonian era. Note how the wedge shapes became more standardized and mathmatical, much like our contemporary alphabet writing.